There is no international accepted definition of smart city. A smart city could be really different in any part of the world; what is applicable elsewhere may not be applicable in India. While in developed countries, it could mean technologically advanced city, in our country, it could mean holistic development of the city. (https://www.sawdust.online/blog/let-competent-people-make-city-master-plans/) It is a solution to a problem and the problem in existing Indian city is lack of basic infrastructure. We need to design them in context with an understanding of our existing environment and the other elements of that environment with which they will interact. In our country’s context, problems like proper sewage system, proper infrastructure, housing, planning and availability of other basic amenities should be addressed. Conceptually there are two types of smart cities: A new city built from the scratch or converting an existing city into smart city by redeveloping the present infrastructure. Redeveloping the existing city needs the understanding of the existing problem and providing solution accordingly. On the other hand, creating new smart city should focus on planning holistically than merely treating the symptoms of problems. https://www.sawdust.online/blog/use-digital-technology-in-smart-cities/ To provide for the needs of the people, Connectivity, Sustainability, Mobility and Security are of utmost significance:
Since the idea of a smart city is inspiring, integrating multiple services through multiple new ideas is being looked upon for enhancing connectivity. The solutions should be delivering convenience and efficiency, through connectivity that was unimaginable a few years ago. This connectivity can develop urban lighting, energy consumption, infrastructure and performance.
Smart development has been recognized as a sustainable solution to the already existing urban planning issues prevalent worldwide. The principle of introducing sustainability in smart city development aims at providing a better quality of life and advertises livable communities that are respectful to the utilization of natural resources available around. The most important issue in urban planning is the eradication of the gap in demand and supply of infrastructure services and utilities, controlling the reduction on natural green cover, reducing traffic congestions and reduction of pollution, planning the peripheral settlement typology, etc. which on the other hand affects the natural and built environment in adverse ways. https://www.sawdust.online/blog/make-urban-development-people-centric/
The idea of urban mobility is no longer just restricted to moving people around by motorized vehicles, what people really need is the right kind of accessibility to multiple urban services. The promotion of public transport, in the city-wide communication infrastructure developed inter-connectedness for all road users, intelligent planning of traffic among other comprises the characteristics of mobility in smart city. The development of zero-emission public transport system and encouraging propositions for few traffic jams in the inner city ultimately will have a positive impact on the quality of life in smart cities and on the environment.
With the increasing interconnectivity across virtual and physical networks as well as infrastructure that will make a smart city functional, will also make a smart city functional, will create innovative and substantial cyber security risks. The cities will be vulnerable to various cyber-crime techniques like remote execution, signal jamming among others. To oppose the risks, comprehensive smart city plan should be designed concerning safeguard of critical information and infrastructure. The development of smart cities means prodding huge number of jobs. To witness large number of footfalls in a developing city, job creation becomes foremost importance. The use of technological advancement will also make these cities unique. All these aspects will attract more people to settle in these cities for better future prospects. These are some of the factors that make a smart city different and successful from other cities.