Today, all walks of our lives are influenced by Climate change. Buildings play an important role in our daily lives and all human activities revolve around them.
In India, healthcare architecture is fast growing and the need for experienced design consultants has never been greater here than before. In the last 10 years, there has also been a parallel demand for high-quality hospital infrastructure to support this growing demand. The healthcare sector in India is poised for sustained growth over the next 20 years. There is increasing collaboration and information exchange between healthcare design teams in India and those from other countries, fostered largely by the entry of multinational design firms in the market. There is also a push to develop stronger healthcare design teams within India by creating rational programs for teaching healthcare design principles to architects, designers, engineers and healthcare professionals.
Healthcare is provided in primarily three types of setting: Government-funded and run hospitals and healthcare clinics that provide free healthcare services, private for-profit hospitals and health centres, and mission based non-profit hospitals. The first two comprises the majority in the country. Hospital systems, such as Fortis and Apollo have been successful in the last 10 years in providing high-quality healthcare services to a growing educated and affluent urban population. The emulation of Western standards and ensuring the best outcomes for patients is one of the important aspect to attract and retain traffic. Accreditation is seen as an important process for improving patient safety and quality of care provided to patients. Hospitals are opting for this, through various international organisations or India’s National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare providers.
While there is a growing focus on patient-centered care, many new private hospitals are investing heavily into new technology and equipment, and often the built environment mandate is to house this technology. Also, given the demand for hospital beds and its direct relation to the bottom line, the focus of hospital design projects is primarily on increasing bed capacity. Many private hospitals provide a contribution of multi-bed wards, single occupancy rooms, and luxury sing rooms. Local culture and traditions, as well as climate, are important factors that impact the layout of spaces and building form and design. For example, family members are present all times during a patient’s stay in the hospital, which requires larger patient rooms. Providing larger waiting room for facilities in the emergency department, surgery and ICU also is necessary. In addition, spirituality and religion are an important part of life in India and hospital artwork may refer to symbols and images of the dominant culture in the region.