Russia is in news in recent weeks not only because it is hosting FIFA World Cup 2018 but also for its football team’s more than expected performance at the tournament. World Cup tournament will come to an end soon but there will be one more occasion in 2018 when Russian reputation will climb sky high again. Do you know what is that occasion?
Petersburg in Russia is known as a city of horizontals with a flat lowland dictated buildings relatively even in height, and in some spots accentuated with high-rise ensembles. However, this record of the city will be broken when a skyscraper, Lakhta Center, will become operational in the outskirts of the city. The tower with 82 floors will be the tallest building not only in Russia but in whole of Europe.
Lakhta Center coming up in Primorsky district of Saint Petersburg will house a large office center and a scientific and educational complex. The building was designed by GORPROJECT (2011-2017) based on the RMJM masterplan (2011) under the main contractor, Rönesans Holding. The Lakhta Center is intended to become the new headquarters of Russian energy company Gazprom.
The geometry of the skyscraper changes throughout the 462m height. The tower expands, tapers and twists. Because of these changes a lot of difference elements are required which change at each level.
Special systems will maintain an optimal temperature and moisture mode. Natural ventilation is designed in the tower which became possible when double skin facades are used in certain areas of the building.
To reduce noise of ventilation and air conditioning equipment is used with a reduced noise level, noise suppressors, equipment is placed in isolated areas with sound-proof curtain walls including floating floors.
Floating floors are designated to suppress vibration during the operation of equipment. A floating floor is a floor installed on a sound-suppressing material layer which has no rigid connections with a floor slab, walls, utilities (heating and ventilation pipes) and other structures of the building.
The main entrance in Lakhta Center Mixed-use complex is designed as an arch. The height of the arch is almost 24m. The length is 98m. It is not a classic arch, it is rather a structure of a complicated arched shape. The roof projection on a horizontal plane is of a curvilinear crescent trapezoid shape.
The main architectural motives of Petersburg are reflected in the concept of a business center. It is a theme of a lonely spire in the horizontal landscape, and leaning base buildings symbolizing the ship hull, and maritime theme of wave-like bearing structures. An organic form of the building symbolizes the power of water, the flow of space, openness and lightness. The effect of free fall and maximum blending of the future complex with the environment will be emphasized by the glass of a special type, owning to this glass the tower will change its colors creating a feeling of a living being.