HomeDo You Know?Do you know these facts about Vidhana Soudha?

Do you know these facts about Vidhana Soudha?

On 1st November Karnataka celebrated its 66th Formation Day. Apart from its rich cultural heritage, coffee cultivation and sandalwood, Karnataka is also popular for its legislative assembly building (popularly known as Vidhana Soudha) in Bengaluru which is spread over an area of 60 acres and is the largest in the country. The structure which took four years for completion is appreciated for many of its architectural features. Do you know some of these unknown facts about this building?

Vidhana Soudha is truly a secular edifice, showing features of British, Dravidian, and Indo-Islamic architecture. The architecture also includes elements of styles from the mediaeval Kannada kingdoms of the Chalukyas, Hoysalas and Vijayanagara. The architecture comprises richly carved bases and capitals for pillars, deep friezes, kapotha cornices, chaithya arches, heavy pediments domical finials, etc.

The structure is built largely with “Bangalore granite”, excavated from the areas around Mallasandra and Hessaraghatta. For visual effect and relief, “Magadi pink” and “Turuvekere black” stones have also been used.

About 5000 labourers and 1500 chisellers, masons and wood-carvers worked on the project. Almost all the unskilled workers deployed in its construction were convicts, who were given their freedom on its completion.

The twelve forty-foot columns in front of the Assembly Hall provides an imposing background for the Central dome and six smaller ones. The Central dome, supported by eight pillars is sixty feet in diameter and provides the roof over the State Banquet Hall.

It cost Rs 1.78 crore build Vidhana Soudha in 1950s and now the annual maintenance cost itself is Rs 2 crore.

Although the Vidhana Soudha has very few similar structures or parallels in the country till date, it is not a replica of any style from the past. However, the Karnataka government has constructed a replica named Vikasa Soudha to the south of the building. Initiated by the then Chief Minister S. M. Krishna and inaugurated in February 2005, it is an annexe building, housing some of the ministries and legislative offices.

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