Recently, the historic ensemble of Orchha in the Niwari district of Madhya Pradesh was included in the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Soon after this exercise many historians and heritage lovers in Haryana have started talking vocally about the significance of Nuh in Haryana. It’s so because what’s Orchha to Madhya Pradesh, Nuh is to Haryana! So, what’s the significance of Nuh in Indian archaeological map?
From the point of view of archaeology Nuh is significant not just to Haryana but to whole of India. Nuh is such a location that it had its significance mythologically, historically and now archaeologically! The area finds mention in Mahabharata, Mauryan empire, Gupta Empire and then of course by Rajputs, Mughals, French and British era.
The historic town of Nuh is located in Haryana, just 47-km away from Gurgaon. A walk through the town takes you to pre-historic period and in one place you can find architecture of different period and different empire, which is a rarity in any other historical places. To the west of the town is a masonry tank of red sandstone tank featuring a chhatri adorned with floral designs. The tomb of Sheikh Musa combines Muslim and Rajput forms of architecture.
But there is much more than this. The ruined Ghasera Fort is a state-protected monument and lies just 14-km away from Nuh. Nalhar Pandava Reservoir and Nalhshwar Mahadev temple in a picturesque surrounding have mythological background. The Tomb of Sheikh Musa, a 14th-century structure also has the Shaking Minarets of Sheikh Musa. Kotla Mosque 7km from Nuh is made of grey quartzite and red sandstones and inscriptions on the gateway.
Above all there is Chuhi Mal Pond, or Chuhi Mal Ka Talaab which is an 18th-century water tank that comprises a covered and arcaded gateway, four ghats with steps leading to the waterbody, octagonal-shaped chhatris of red sandstone built on the bastion, and two historic temples housing the idols of Shiva, Hanuman and Durga.
These are not just tourist spots but can prove to be goldmine for heritage lovers too.