For a world which is desperately searching for solution from global warming and urbanisation, the concept of vertical forest may provide a ray of hope. Vertical Forest is perhaps the single solution for all our problems arising out of congested cities, global warming and fast paced urbanisation. Vertical forest provides for regeneration of the environment and urban biodiversity without the implication of expanding the city upon the territory and therefore, it is looked upon as the best solution for most of our problems of urban planning. Though the concept is recent one, it has already caught the fancy of many designers and architects. Do you know where the world’s largest vertical garden is located?
The concept of vertical forest was developed by architect Stefano Boeri and was used in pair of residential towers, Bosco Verticale, in the Porta Nuova district of Milan, Italy in 2014. They have a height of 111-m (364-ft) and 76-m (249-ft) and contain more than 900 trees (approximately 550 and 350 in the first and second towers, respectively) on 8,900-sq.m (96,000-sq.ft) of terraces. Within the complex is an 11-storey office building; its facade does not include plants. Though this is the first vertical forest in the world but is not the largest.
The Santalaia Building, located in the Chapinero Alto neighborhood of Bogot·, Colombia and spread over 3,117-sq.m (33,551-sq.ft) area, is the largest vertical garden in the world. It took 16 months (from planning to execution) to make Santalaia, a gigantic air-purifying system capable of processing over 1,700 pounds of heavy metals, filter over 2,000 tons of harmful gases and also traps around 900 pounds of dust of this project. The 11 story vertical garden (2 stories underground) is covered with vegetation pillars that rise to the roof, composed of about 115,000 plants of 10 species, chosen to give a uniform green tone and volume.