“It is indeed the need of the hour for all the readers to think of the future as it is going to be a disaster if we as good citizens do not raise our concerns in all public forums to refrain from people exploiting ‘WATER'”, Dr. Ramesh, Archinova Design Pvt. Ltd.
I would like to dwell about water and its impact in today’s context i.e. 2018. We have seen the usage of water since independence. India being an agricultural economy as on date, which in the recent past, due to scarcity of water resources in rural India there was movement of people to urban India for employment or livelihood, which led to inorganic growth which is evident in all the metros in the country.
The rural economy depends on the rainfall and water from rivers for cultivation apart from source of ground water or water bodies, which were formed by natural ground level or constructed by former rulers as a source of water for the community.
Due to rapid urbanisation “WATER “has been the buzz word during the summer season of the year, not due to shortage of rainfall in several areas across the country but of storing the rain water which is a task for the government. As most of the rural economy is dependent on rainfall and uncertainty has resulted is movement of people to the urban areas, hence creation of slums in certain pockets of the city.
The Focus is on potable water for not only conserving in the urban areas but recycling the water for usage of all strata of society. As potable water or drinking water has been a challenge to the government to “provide water to all “which has been a mission which they have not been able to accomplish due to short term goals or agenda rather looking at the long-term perspective / planning by experts.
There should be a constant endeavour by the society to educate the masses of conserving water in several ways like rain water harvesting, desilting of existing tanks before monsoons in the catchments areas which is the most common initiative which should have been undertaken by the government but failed in implantation due to lack of vision.
Due to urbanisation the density of population is very high (people living in urban slums are very high) per sq. ft. of space per person as per the NBC standards; hence basic infrastructure like potable water available in the slums apart from sanitation and drainage facility is not available and there is always a increase in the population during the seasons due to lack of adequate work in rural India as most of the agriculture is rain fed as per the statistics. ( NCAER )
Depletion of ground water table in many Zones across the country too is one of the other major concern. It is quite alarming as supply is inadequate as against demand in summer seasons which needs immediate attention to stop this indiscriminate digging of borewells for water.
The other facet of the journey of potable water or drinking water post-independence era had started with all the single storied housing having 4 to 6 occupants which has been converted to multi storied structures to accommodate more number of people due to rapid urbanisation; but the road, drainage and water supply has been the same catering to the needs of the occupants, hence having to face water shortage and exploiting the underground water.
It is indeed the need of the hour for all the readers to think of the future as its going to be disaster if we as good citizens do not raise our concerns in all public forums to refrain from people exploiting “WATER”.