“Health and sustainability is at the heart of the new office design. Recognizing the impact physical surroundings have on human health, relied on existing research and standards to design a healthy office that is a living and learning laboratory for the design industry”, Dr. Ramesh, Founder, Archinova Design Pvt. Ltd
Workplace design impacts life-min
The office is not only validated by third-party institutions as a healthy and sustainable office but supporting data from pre- and post-occupancy research projects further confirms improved environmental quality and enhanced employee satisfaction on environmental conditions
The office spaces in Future would incorporate the most innovative health and wellness design features and has sustainability as a central philosophy. The best methodology to be adopted is a comprehensive pre and post occupancy study of the work place design impacts health, wellness, employee satisfaction and work performance.
The broad categorization is as follows:
- Investigate the impact of innovative work place design on work, behaviour and performance
- Examine how spatial design, organisation goals, ambition and work requirements
- Demonstrate the impacts of design of human sustainability, organisational sustainability and environmental sustainability
Research / Study Highlights
Office design improves indoor environmental quality, emotional satisfaction, employee health and wellness, employee retention, employee performance & resource efficiency. The office design shapes the social environment and boost employees performance. Each research project provided insight on the role of workplace design and its impact on employees and their work. The projects reported how an employee worked in the co-working office, how they work at regular office, and any differences that exist. Taking the key findings from each research project into account, here are the highlights on how the current office demonstrates the impact of design.
Health and sustainability is at the heart of the new office design. Recognizing the impact physical surroundings have on human health, relied on existing research and standards to design a healthy office that is a living and learning laboratory for the design industry. The office is not only validated by third-party institutions as a healthy and sustainable office but supporting data from pre- and post-occupancy research projects further confirms improved environmental quality and enhanced employee satisfaction on environmental conditions.
INDOOR AIR QUALITY
Design strategies such as a VOC reduction design that required product finishes, interior paints and coatings, and interior adhesives and sealants to meet multiple standards; an air filtration design that purifies outdoor air and recirculated air; and a ventilation effectiveness design that regulates the ventilation rate of outdoor air to keep carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the space below 800ppm. As it must be monitored, environmental metrics in the office, higher CO2 levels etc.
Survey results indicate that all employees have knowledge of circadian lighting and its effects on their health and well-being, and 25 per cent of employees attribute circadian lighting at the office for their enhanced sleep quality. The design team’s lighting consultants designed a circadian protection lighting system to ensure employees continue to stay entrained to the natural daylight cycle, even indoors. Taking into account the colour temperature of light and its intensity, the light fixtures house colour changing LED or multiple cool (5000K for late afternoon/evening) and warm (2700K for morning) fluorescent lamps to resemble ambient light qualities outdoors. Additionally, all individual workstations have access to a north-facing window with daylighting and views to the exterior, but face within 20° perpendicular to the plane of the nearest window to help reduce glare.
Different methods exist when measuring circadian lighting, but according to the WELL performance verification, 81 percent of the tested locations exceed 250 EML (Equivalent Melanopic Lux) even on an overcast day.
The average sound pressure levels (dB) measured in the open office during typical work conditions reduced significantly -measurements were half the loudness in the open office compared to the co-working office. For example, a call centre receives approximately 4,000 calls per month, and sound levels in the call centre reduced to a quarter of what they were when specifically comparing them to the previous workspace.
Interestingly, the data shows that employees speak in a softer voice than when they were in the co-working office, and employees say the sound masking system does a pretty good job in cancelling noise and enabling speech privacy. Satisfaction with reduced noise and speech privacy increased significantly, with overall satisfaction in acoustical quality improving 92 percent. The design team’s acoustical consultants should consider the different sources for noise and created a design to provide acoustical comfort appropriate to each of the spatial zones. Strategies include space planning, material selection, and a sound masking system in the open office (46dBA) and private offices (42dBA).
The design of the office has significantly improved the spatial quality overall , assessed its office using the CAPTIW© worksheet, which analyses the performance of physical workspaces in relation to organizational innovation strategies and innovation performance according to seven key performance indicators identified by research:
- Space type
- Space and furniture layout
- Space size and access
- Neural and psychological stimulation and relaxation
- Furniture ergonomics and technology
- Ambient conditions
A few aspects of this article would be covered in the forthcoming weeks, which would make a strong impact to the readers about work places in future.