Till now 3.48 crore workers have registered with Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Boards. The Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996 mandates the State BOCW Welfare Boards to register every BOC worker having completed 18 years of age, but not completed 60 years, and engaged in BOC work for not less than 90 days in preceding 12 months as a beneficiary and give every beneficiary an Identity Card.
At 48.56 lakh members, Uttar Pradesh accounts for more than 11% of the total members. Madhya Pradesh (31 lakh), Tamil Nadu (28 lakh), Odisha (27 lakh) and Rajasthan (22 lakh) are other leading states with large number of members. However, welfare measures undertaken by the welfare boards vary from state to state and there is no uniformity in such measures.
The Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Bill was passed in August 1996 to regulate the employment and conditions of service of building and other construction workers and to provide for their safety, health and welfare measure and for other matter connected therewith or incidental thereto. The Act provides for regulating the employment and conditions of service, safety and health and welfare measures for the construction workers by setting up a Welfare Fund at the State level for crediting thereto contribution made by beneficiaries and collection made out from levy of cess of 1% of the construction cost incurred by an employer on construction works. The Fund is to be used for providing financial assistance to the families of beneficiaries in case of accident, old age pension, housing loans, payment of insurance premium, children’s education, medical and maternity benefits etc.