In a big boost to the affordable housing, the central government has thrown open green zones and no-development zones to encourage construction of affordable housing in Maharashtra under the Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (PMAY). The government has allowed the construction of affordable houses in green zones and no-development zones (NDZs) as a concession to boost affordable housing in the state. For example, Mumbai’s NDZs include salt pan lands and the BMC has marked roughly 600 acres of these for affordable housing.
It may be recalled here that the central government had come out with a policy detailing eight models through which affordable housing is to be carried out which was followed by a government resolution by the state housing department in Maharashtra reiterating the policy. In addition to the central government’s eight models, the state government also announced certain concessions like construction in green zones and NDZs.
While the floor space index (FSI)for green zones and NDZ has been fixed at 1, for other areas it is 2.5.Further, on government, semi-government and other authority land falling in NDZ, the FSI allowed is 3 for affordable housing, provided it is a contiguous four-hectare plot. The carpet area for tenements is 30 square metres (300 square feet) for economically weaker sections, 45 sq m (450 sq ft) for low-income groups and 60 sq m (600 sq ft) for middle-income groups.
Maharashtra has a target of creating 19.4 lakh affordable houses by 2022 under the central scheme PMAY.