The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs may do away with the practice of Master Plan approach for urban planning. According to the MHUA, the present practice lacks dynamic approach as Master Plan approach follows a static long-term plan for urban development. The discrepancy between the plan and the ground reality often results in much of the Master Plan remaining unimplemented. For example, in case of Mumbai Master Plan, implementation ratio is hardly 25% so far.
Master Plans are land-use roadmaps that chalk out how the city would be developed over the next two decades. It is usually prepared based on a review of the existing land-use on ground. On the basis of its review urban land is earmarked for various public amenities such as health and education, open spaces, public transport and roads, among others.
The draft National Urban Policy 2018 has asked for adopting a dynamic model where the plan is reviewed periodically and changes are made to suit ground realities. MHUA is expected to finalise National Urban Policy by July end after holding consultations with the states.
National Urban Policy will act as a policy guidance document which the states and urban local bodies can customise depending on their local requirement. It will focus on ten main areas, including rural-urban continuum, inclusive growth, sustainability, cooperative federalism, agglomeration economies, strengthening local-level institutions, robust housing and urban infrastructure finance system and information system, social justice and gender equity.