The 13th century Ramappa Temple in Palampet, Telangana has been inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The cultural sites of Dholavira in Gujarat and Ramappa Temple in Telangana were India’s nominations for the UNESCO World Heritage List this year. While Ramappa temple got the inscription, the fate of Dholavira site is yet to be decided.
“Happy to share the good news that the 800 year old Kakatiya Rudreshwara #RamappaTemple in #Telangana has been inscribed as a UNESCO #WorldHeritage Site. My compliments to everyone who was involved in the effort,” KT Ram Rao, Minister of Municipal Administration Urban Development of Telangana, tweeted.
The Ramappa temple is the only temple in the country which is known by the name of its craftsman and not by the god which is being worshiped inside the temple. Its located 210 kilometres northeast of Hyderabad and was built in 1213 AD by Kakatiya general Recherla Rudra during the reign of Kakatiya king Ganapathi Deva. The deity worshipped in the temple is Lord Ramalingeswara.
The temple stands majestically on a 6-ft high star-shaped platform. The hall in front of the sanctum has numerous carved pillars that have been positioned to create an effect that combines light and space wonderfully. The main structure is in a reddish sandstone, but the columns round the outside have large brackets of black basalt. These are carved as mythical animals or female dancers or musicians, and are “the masterpieces of Kakatiya art, notable for their delicate carving, sensuous postures and elongated bodies and heads.”
The roof of the temple is built with bricks, which are so light that they are able to float on water. There are two small Shiva shrines on either side of the main temple. The enormous Nandi within, facing the shrine of Shiva, remains in good condition.