The Walled City of Jaipur, Rajasthan, Indiaö has been proposed for World Heritage listing. World Heritage Site as a recognition is a prestigious thing and monument, structure or location or the city where it is located gets immediate recognition globally. World Heritage Committee held in Manama in Bahrain recently inscribed the Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Last year Ahmedabad found a place in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
As per Operation Guidelines 2017, only one site can be nominated by the state party each year. The recognition of World Heritage is not just a matter of great pride but also has several added advantages. It impacts the local economy by giving a boost to domestic and international tourism leading to increased employment generation, creation of world class infrastructure and augmentation of sale of local handicrafts, handlooms and heritage memorabilia. Besides, it adds to the prestige of the country as well as prescribed site.
A total of 37 World Heritage sites in India are there at present which are under the protection of various government agencies. For example, hill forts of Rajasthan like Chittaurgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Jaisalmer and Ranthambhore, Amber and Gagron Forts are under the protection of Archaeological Survey of India while Amber and Gagron Forts are under protection of Rajasthan State Archaeology and Museums. Similarly, the Jantar Mantar, Jaipur, another heritage site is under protection of Rajasthan State Archaeology and Museums. Natural heritage site, Keoladeo National Park, is under the protection of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Changes.
In order to get inscribed on the World Heritage list, the sites must be of outstanding universal value and meet at least one out of ten selection criteria. For example, Mumbai’s Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles were included in the list as they found ‘to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.’